Historical connotation of Suratgarh: an Insight :
Suratgarh had been a significant arena of historical incidences in the ancient past. Around 3000 BC Suratgrh is believed to be a lush green being place due to presence and fusion of two big rivers, Sarasvati and Drishvati. Present sand dunes use to posses various botanical and zoological species within the basins of chaste Sarasvati and Drishvati. Emergence of Kalibanga and Barod civilizations were facilitated by the geographical and environmental complementary of Sarasvati and Suratgarh had been a noteworthy testimony of the same. The traces of ancient civilization near Rangmahal, Manaksaar and Amarpura, shows the historical significance of Suratgarh where Sarasvati civilization has receded after the 1500 Years of stability.
Around 3500 Years ago Aryans alongwith their scholars (Rishi) and livestocki entered Suratgarh enroute Afghanistan and Punjab, it is evident that they have laid down 7th and 8th modules of Rigveda at Suratgarh and that synonymies Suratgarh to Ved Bhumi. It was gradual evolution which vanish the flow of Sarasvati later on. Few mythological evidences adjudicate the visit of Lord Krishna and his brother Balram at some time. First century saw the rise of Kushana Dynasty in Suratgarh, Kushanas had their rich heritage to backup their culture and business which made Rangmahal their significant business center. The bronze coins found in the archaeological remains at Rangmahal advocate their rich business interests. 4th Century saw the emergence of Gupta Dynasty which facilitated favorable grounds for the growth of Shaivism and Vaishnaism religions. The statuettes from that age are still embellishing various museums throughout the country and prove the cultural development in Suratgarh.
Medieval age saw Bhati and Zoiya tribes influence in the region consequently Prithviraj Chauhan, Mohammad Gori, Sher Khan and Taimur Lang came to Suratgarh for various political reasons. 1465 saw the golden age of Suratgarh when Godara and Punia jat farmers used constructive farming techniques resulting in the overall development of the region, meanwhile Bika Rao laid down Bikaner State and the successors of Bika over powered Bhati tribes to win Suratgarh for further expansion of Bikaner. There? a myth that Social Reformer Tanwar dynastic Rajput Baba Ramdev came with a motive to rein Suratgarh state after offering his Pokharan State into dowry to his niece. However, he left to build Runecha state on some Sadhu? advice. Even Saint Jambheshwar has started his environmental revolution from here about 500 years ago.
In the mean time, Thakur Raghunath Singh has laid down Sodhan village, 1570 A.D. saw Bikaner successor Rao Kalyan Mal accepted Mughal rule. The Mughal influence persisted till 1787 A.D. when current Bikaner ruler Maharaja Surat Singh revoked from Mughal rule and won the region for his imperialistic interests. To make his win memorable, he established Suratgarh state at the place of Sodhal and built the Suratgarh fort as the souvenir of his victory which ensured the emergence of Suratgarh to modern age from ancient age. Maharaja Surat Singh later accepted the refuge of British in 1818 A.D., Suratgarh had become an important revenue collection center for Bikaner till that time. The revolution of 1857 A.D. does induct the sense of revolution at Suratgarh also.
Suratgarh started developing by leaps and bounds in the rule of Maharaja Ganga Singh who build a hunting lodge at Suratgarh and ensured connectivity of Suratgarh to train servie. Hanumangarh and Bikaner came under Suratgarh District when it was served with the patronage of being a district at the same time. Establishment of Ganga canal in 1927 helped Suratgarh to develop which became a city after partition when various refugees from Pakistan came in and started settling over here. Suratgarh Central State Farm was established in 1956 followed with establishment of Indira Gandhi Canal project and Central Animal Reproduction Farm in 60s. Meanwhile and air and military base station, Akashvani and various offices has been established. Suratgarh Thermal Power Station have also started working from 3rd November ?998 and this laid down one more milestone in the historic and developmental stairs of Suratgarh city.
History of Rangmahal:
Rangmahal is the native of civilization and culture. Around 5000 years ago, Sarasvati and Drishvati rivers use to congregate near Rangmahal. Favorable atmosphere and Sarasvati? charisma made constructive environment for the development of civilization along Rangmahal. The region in the middle of both the river? was called Brahmavarta in Vedic literature. Same favorable conditions facilitated the development of Kalibanga civilization just at the vicinity of 25 kilometers from Rangmahal. The stratum at Rangmahal illustrates the existence of prior civilization as in Kalibanga, which could only be derived off an explicatory archaeological survey of the region.
Early Hindus i.e. Aryans were never the natives of India, they were a nomadic clan who reached Sarasvati? basins around 3500 Years ago while coming via Afghanistan and Punjab. The traces of potteries and literary work found in the basins, Painted Grey Ware or PGW are closely related to Aryan civilization. This PGW and shlokas from Rigveda proves the archaeological and literary presence of Aryans near Rangmahal.
Presence of Shivalingam and Nandi near Rangmahal also supports the cohorts of Shaivism in the Kushanas and post Mauryan dynasties. Such archaeological evidences are still manifested at Rangmahal. Traces also exemplify the clique of Vaishnism alongwith Shaivism at Kushanas and Guptas Dynasties. Various antique statuettes of Vishnu and Shiva were found by Dr. LNP Taristory in 1916-18, Bikaner museum is also called Taristory museum because of these Rangmahal statuettes. The statuettes of Krishna? Raslila at Bikaner Museum are one of the prominent exemplar of those antiques. Various such antiques of Govardhan haul, Sheshshaayi Vishnu etc are some more of those antiques are embellishing various museums all over India.
Rangamahal is also the resident place of Baba Ramdev for sometime and is also known of being Karmasthali of Bhagwan Jambheshwar. A known scholar and environmentalist Jambhoji have christened many people into Vishnoi belief while itinerant in this region.
Above illustration has made Rangmahal a momentous of literary, archaeological and ancient beliefs. An organized research can indisputably prove the significance of Rangamhal of pre-religious importance.